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I have been asked several times about lumber grading in the past few years. The best and easiest way to understand that process is found on Robert Milton's web site. I have copied and pasted that below. Now just remember this is not log grading, but lumber grading. There is a big difference between them. Hope this helps those that are wanting to increase their education on this subject.

Wood Grades

FAS or "Clear, Select" FAS or "Clear, Select" grade, which derives from an original grade "First And Seconds", will provide the user with long, clear cuttings - best suited for high quality furniture, interior joinery and solid wood mouldings. Minimum board size is 6" and wider and 8' and longer. The FAS grade includes a range of boards that yield from 83% clear-wood cuttings over the entire surface of the board. Number 1 Common (No. 1C) or "Cabinet Grade" The Number 1 Common grade is often referred to as the Cabinet grade in the USA because of its adaptability to the standard sizes of kitchen cabinet doors used throughout the United States. Number 1 Common is widely used in the manufacture of furniture parts as well for this same reason. The Number 1 Common grades includes boards that are a minimum of 3" wide and 4' long and will yield clear face cuttings from 66 2⁄3% (8⁄12ths) up to, but not including, the minimum requirement for FAS (83 1⁄3%). Number 2A Common (No. 2AC) or "Rustic" The Number 2A Common grade is often referred to as the Economy grade because of its price and suitability for a wide range of furniture parts. It is also the grade of choice for the US hardwood flooring industry. The Number 2A Common grade includes boards that are a minimum of 3" wide and 4' long that yield from 50% (6⁄12ths) up to, but not including, the minimum requirement for Number 1 Common (66 2⁄3%).

Post written by Robert Milton:


Board Foot Measurement - A board foot (BF or bdft) is the basic unit of measurement for hardwood lumber. A board foot (or bdft) is 1 foot long x 1 foot wide x 1 inch thick. Its one square foot of boards, one inch thick, or one half square foot of boards, two inches thick. The formula for determining board feet is: height in inches multiplied by the width in inches multiplied by the length in feet divided by 12. (Height * Width* Length) /12. It's easy to remember. You see most of the formula when you look at the sign in the lumber yard. It says 2" x 4" x 8' Just multiply all the numbers together and remember to divide by twelve and you have board feet for any board. Board footage is a nominal, volume measurement and meant for rough lumber. If a board is less than 1 inch thick, then it is still calculated with a thickness of 1 inch.

For example:

A standard 2x4-8 foot long is: 2 inch thick x 4 inch wide x 8 ft long /12 = 5.3 bdft

A board 12 inches wide 8 feet long and 1 inch thick is: 12 inch x 8 ft x 1 inch /12 = 8 bdft

A board 6 inches wide, 10 feet long and 1 inch thick is: 6 inch x 10 ft x 1 inch / 12 = 5 bdft

Credit for this article goes to Robert Milton, owner of Hobby Hardwoods Alabama.



For the past few years as the You-Tube channel has grown in popularity I have received a lot of interest form viewers about buying the wood they see in the videos. I have been reluctant in the past in pursuing this more but with the addition of the new kiln last summer my inventory is growing faster than I can find a place to store it. In years past I had a great relationship with a woodworking store over in North Carolina. They would take all my wood/slabs that I kiln dried and handle the sell for me for a portion of the revenue. This was a great partnership that lasted many years and kept me doing what I love most, sawing wood and not having to spend time with the business side as much. That store however closed during the pandemic and never reopened. Since then I have been pretty much stock piling most of what you see on the videos. I have decided that I am now going to take the time needed and start up an online wood store. The only drawback for this will be the shipping cost to the customer, it seems that service in this country has really increased over the last year. I am not sure yet on when I will launch the store but it will be before spring time.

I plan on selling smaller live edge slabs, such as the ones that are shorter (4ft in length) and suited for smaller projects. I will also offer small batches of boards and off cuts. Make no mistake if you are a woodworker and needing enough stock to build a set of cabinets or a kitchen table then this store will not serve your needs. After I get my feet wet I may venture into the idea of selling larger/longer slabs but right now I want to keep it simple as we get started. As far as pricing I will have to work that out but don't worry I am cheaper than most, I just wish that the shipping companies stared that characteristic.


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